BIM is a work methodology for construction that is oriented at centralizing information and collaborative work.
What is BIM?
The BIM methodology (BIM: Building Information Modeling) is a process of generating and managing data and information about a building throughout its lifecycle, including construction. It therefore uses software for 3D dynamic modeling in real time (4D), with the objective of preventing the loss of time and financial resources.
Also called construction information modeling, it has become a way to work and a business philosophy, just like what happened with the agile philosophy derived from the programming environment that nurtured IBM. While CAD modeling programs imitated traditional drawing, BIM adapts to the real construction and maintenance process.
Advantages of Building Information Modeling
Thus the revolution and the derived innovation. Applying this technology allows the virtual construction of a project, thereby making it possible to foresee the problems that will arise, getting ahead of them and solving them in a digital environment. When construction begins or when predictive maintenance has to be performed, the work is much faster, streamlined, and error-free.
This way of working allows the designer, the builder, and the operator to have an infrastructure for sharing information throughout the life of a project and offers the possibility of modifying the project to the extent that variations appear or changes arise. Consequently, and because everything linked, the traceability of every element is increased through instant updates of the 3D model, the drawings, or the planning.
How Do We Use BIM in Our Projects?
In 2008 we adopted the BIM methodology at Ferrovial as a strategic element and not as a generator of 3D models. Since the beginning, one of the objectives has been to get value out of data that is not only stored but also data coming from sensors and machines.
In the project phase, BIM has helped us to detect interferences; manage subcontractor designs; monitor planning; obtain and conduct comparative analyses of measurements; determine logistics; analyze and simulate environmental aspects (noise generation, visual impact, etc.); manage temporary jobs; deliver documentation to customers and other aspects.
For some time we have implemented and fostered this collaborative environment on our projects. In some countries where we operate, it is mandatory, such as in the United Kingdom (2016). So we have learned how to deal with the cultural change that is necessary for establishing BIM as the basis on which all other operations are built.
This work methodology requires participation at all levels (human resources, accounting, engineering, etc.), which is why our employees receive continuous training and why we require that new candidates have knowledge about BIM. In the end, it is no longer a thing of the future, rather a way to work in the present.
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